Talks and Publications

Complete (and updated) list of published articles is available HERE.

Invited conference talks:

• Diamond membrane detectors, Milko Jakšić, 9th International Conference on New Diamond and Nano Carbons (NDNC-2015), Shizuoka, Japan (May 24 – 28, 2015)
• Formation and tailoring of metal and semiconductor quantum dots in amorphous matrices by MeV ions, Iva Bogdanović Radović, 22nd International Conference on Ion Surface Interaction, Moscow, Russia (August 20 – 24, 2015)
• MeV-SIMS spectrometry – novel heavy ion microbeam technique for cultural heritage studies and molecular imaging of thin samples with sub-micrometer spatial resolution, Zdravko Siketić, 13th International Symposium on Radiation Physics (ISRP-13), Beijing, China (September 7 – 11, 2015)
• Masena spektrometrija sekundarnih molekularnih iona pomoću iona MeVskih energija (MeV SIMS) – nova metoda za karakterizaciju modernih slikarskih materijala, Iva Bogdanović Radović, 9. Znanstveni sastanak hrvatskog fizikalnog društva, Umag, Hrvatska (5.-7.10.2015.)
• Capabilities of the RBI accelerator facility for the ion microbeam probing of charge collection properties in radiation detectors, Milko Jakšić, 11th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications, Kiryu, Japan (November 11 – 13, 2015)
• Irradiation Defects in Diamond – Studies of Single Crystal Diamond Membranes Using Ion Microbeam, Milko Jakšić, International Union of Materials Research Societies – International Conference on Electronic Materials (IUMRS-ICEM 2016), Singapore (July 4-8, 2016)
• Single ion microprobe techniques, current status and perspectives, Milko Jakšić, 15th International Conference on Nuclear Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA), Lanzhou, China (July 31 – August 5, 2016)
• Molecular imaging of biological and cultural heritage samples using MeV-SIMS, Zdravko Siketić, 24th Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry (CAARI), Fort Worth, Texas, USA (30th Oct. – 4th Nov., 2016.)
• Two modes for molecular imaging using MeV SIMS at the heavy ion microprobe, Zdravko Siketić, 12th European Conference on Accelerators in Applied Research and Technology (ECAART12), Jyvaskyla, Finland (4 Jul 2016)
• TOF-ERDA Spectrometry promoted by 1 keV Ar sputtering, Zdravko Siketić, 23rd International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis (IBA), Shanghai, China (Oct. 8-13, 2017.)
• Lipidomic analysis of the healthy and diabetic mouse liver and serum using MeV-SIMS, Zdravko Siketić, 21st International Conference on Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS21), Krakow, Poland (September 10-15,  2017.)
• Chemical imaging of the healthy and diabetic mouse liver using MeV TOF-SIMS, Zdravko Siketić, 16th International Conference on Nuclear Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA2018), Guildford, UK (July 8-13, 2018.)
• Laboratory for Ion Beam Interactions-Research, Development & Applications, Zdravko Siketić, 2nd ENSAF Workshop, Athens, Greece (October 3-5, 2018.)
• Extreme Radiation Hardness and Signal Recovery in Thin Diamond Detectors, Natko Skukan, 16th International Conference on Nuclear Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA2018), Guildford, UK (July 8-13, 2018.)

Selected publications:

Submicron mass spectrometry imaging of single cells by combined use of mega electron volt time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and scanning transmission ion microscopy, Z. Siketić, I. Bogdanović Radović, M. Jakšić, M. Popović Hadžija, and M. Hadžija, Applied Physics Letters 107 (2015) 093702
Electroluminescence from nitrogen-vacancy and interstitial-related centers in bulk diamond stimulated by ion-beam-fabricated sub-superficial graphitic micro-electrodes, J. Forneris, S. Ditalia Tchernij, A. Battiato, F. Picollo, A. Tengattini, V. Grilj, N. Skukan, G. Amato, L. Boarino, I. P. Degiovanni, E. Enrico, P.Traina, M. Jakšić, M. Genovese, P. Olivero, accepted in Scientific Reports (2015)
Response of GaN to energetic ion irradiation: conditions for ion track formation, M. Karlušić, R. Kozubek, H. Lebius, B. Ban-d’Etat, R. A. Wilhelm, M. Buljan, Z. Siketić, F. Scholz, T. Meisch, M. Jakšić, S. Bernstorff, M. Schleberger and B. Šantić, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48 (2015) 325304
Measurements of proton induced γ-ray emission cross sections on MgF2 target in the energy range 1.95-3.05 MeV, I. Zamboni, Z. Siketić, M. Jakšić, I. Bogdanović Radović, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B342 (2015) 266–270
Ion beam induced luminescence (IBIL) system for imaging of radiation-induced changes in materials, N. Marković, Z. Siketić, D. Cosić, H.K. Jung, N.H. Lee, W.T. Han, M. Jakšić, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B343 (2015) 167-172.
Proton-radiation resistance of poly(ethylene terephthalate) – nanodiamond – graphene nanoplatelet nanocomposites, V. Borjanović, L. Bistričić, I. Pucić, L. Mikac, R. Slunjski, M. Jakšić, G. McGuire, A. Tomas Stanković, O. Shenderova, J. Mat. Sci. (2015)
Nanostructuring graphene by dense electronic excitation, O. Ochedowski, O. Lehtinen, U. Kaiser, A. Turchanin, B. Ban-d´Etat, H. Lebius, M. Karlusic, M. Jaksic, M. Schleberger, Nanotechnology 26 (2015) 465302
Spectroscopic properties and radiation damage investigation of a diamond based Shottky diode for ion-beam therapy microdosimetry, Claudio Verona, Giulio Magrin, Paola Solevi, Veljko Grilj, Milko Jaksic, Ramona Mayer, Marco Marinelli, and Gianluca Verona Rinati, accepted in J. Appl. Phys. (2015).
Ion beam analysis of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells, A.G. Karydas, C. Streeck, I. Bogdanovic Radovic, C. Kaufmann, T. Rissom, B. Beckhoff, M. Jaksic, N.P. Barradas, Applied Surface Science, 356 (2015) 631-638
Charge multiplication effect in thin diamond films, N. Skukan, V. Grilj, I. Sudić, M. Pomorski, W. Kada, T. Makino, Y. Kambayashi, Y. Andoh, S. Onoda, S. Sato, T. Ohshima, T. Kamiya and M. Jakšić , Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 043502 (2016)
• Formation of swift heavy ion tracks on a rutile TiO2 (001) surface, M. Karlušić, S. Bernstorff, Z. Siketić, B. Šantić, I. Bogdanović-Radović, M. Jakšić, M. Schleberger, M. Buljan, J. Appl. Cryst. (2016). 49, 1704-1712
• Single-Photon-Emitting Optical Centers in Diamond Fabricated upon Sn Implantation, S. Ditalia Tchernij, T. Herzig, J. Forneris, J. Küpper, S. Pezzagna, P. Traina, E. Moreva, I. P. Degiovanni, G. Brida, N. Skukan, M. Genovese, M. Jaksič, J. Meijer, P. Olivero, ACS Photonics, 2017, 4 (10)
• Creating nanoporous graphene with swift heavy ions, H. Vázquez, E.H. Åhlgren, O. Ochedowski, A.A. Leino, R. Mirzayev, R. Kozubek, H. Lebius, M. Karlušic, M. Jakšic, A.V. Krasheninnikov, J. Kotakoski, M. Schleberger, K. Nordlund, F. Djurabekova, Carbon 119 (2017) 200

Research topics

Scientific objectives of the proposal follow recommendation for research directions of the Nuclear Physics European Collaboration Committee (NUPECC), an Expert Committee of the European Science Foundation. More specifically, research objectives of the proposed Center of excellence include:
1) In research of ion beam interaction with matter, to explore processes related to ion impact to materials surface, which are still not well described (such as secondary electron emission and ion desorption), and which strongly depend on projectile type and energy. This is relevant for ion beam analysis techniques, which are sensitive to molecular composition. In the study of processes of charge collection in radiation detector materials, ion induced defects that degrade charge transport properties could also be beneficial and of technological importance as well.
2) In materials research, investigations will be focused on nanoscale changes in the materials followed upon the ion impact. Formation of surface nano-features and modifications of 2D materials (graphene) will be induced by single MeV heavy ions, while higher fluences will be required for investigations of processes that drive ion assisted assembly of nanostructured materials. Future research will clearly benefit from strong momentum those two recently opened research directions have.
3) In nuclear physics research to enlarge understanding of collective phenomena in nuclear structure (nucleon pairing and clustering) and reaction dynamics (multi-nucleon transfers at low energy), interaction between deformed and loosely bound nuclei, structure of neutron-rich nuclei and light nuclei reactions with significant effect on astrophysical phenomena. Important goal is enlarged contribution in development and testing of research infrastructure, including those for experiments at large international laboratories, which is closely related to objectives of other two research groups.


Division of experimental physics:
Laboratory for ion beam interactions
– Milko Jakšić, senior scientist, head of research unit
– Stjepko Fazinić, senior research associate
– Iva Bogdanović Radović, senior scientist
– Zdravko Siketić, research associate
– Tonči Tadić, senior research associate
Laboratory for nuclear physics
– Neven Soić, senior scientist
– Suzana Szilner, senior scientist
– Mile Zadro, senior scientist

Division of materials physics
– Maja Buljan, research associate
– Ivana Capan, senior research associate
– Marko Karlušić, research associate

University of Zagreb, Faculty of science, Department of physics
– Matko Milin, professor


RBI accelerator facility consists of two accelerators, 1.0 and 6.0 MV electrostatic tandem accelerators (HVEC EN Tandem Van de Graaff and 1.0 MV HVE Tandetron) as well as 8 beam lines. One of the beam lines can accept simultaneously ion beams from both accelerators.


EN Tandem Van de Graaff accelerator has three ion sources, namely RF source with charge exchange for He ions, multi-cathode sputtering ion source for variety of ion species (H, Li, B, C, O, Si, Cl, Cu, Br, Au, etc.) and finally a home built sputtering source for rare beams including short lived radioactive beams.

Tandetron accelerator is equipped with direct extraction duoplasmatron source (for negative hydrogen ions) and sputtering ion source used for other ions (typically Li, C, O, Si, and heavier).

RBI-target room
Presently, there are nine available end stations.

End stations that can accept ions from both accelerators are (from right to left):
– Nuclear microprobe facility
– Nuclear reactions scattering chamber
– High resolution PIXE spectrometer
– IAEA beam line
– Irradiation and detector testing
– Dual beam irradiation and RBS channeling

End stations that can accept ions only from Tandetron accelerator are:
– In air PIXE
– PIXE/RBS end station

Facility is equipped with mechanical and electronic workshops, sample preparation equipment and several other sample characterization techniques.

Research topics

The first goal of the proposed NFM is to stimulate research in advanced materials science and engineering through facilitation of inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary research groups of the Centre. The proposed researcher activities at NFM for each proposed area in the 5 yrs period is based on the synergetic effect of involved research groups/laboratories based on the focusing on the best existing research thematic as well as by opening of new hot research topics that promise fast developments of scientific excellences and new high technology products. The proposed enhancing of the cooperation of researchers within the Center will be focused within the following three research programmes: 

P1. Silicon nanostructures for advanced applications (leader M. Ivanda)

P2. Sol-gel technology for new functional materials   (leader M. Ristić)

P3. Nanostructural materials for energetic (leader N. Radić)


Within the first programme P1. Silicon nanostructures for advanced applications the research will be focused on nanostructural silicon thin films for advanced applications. The Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition (LPCVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) developed at Ivanda’s group will be used for deposition thin films and wires of silicon, silicon reach oxide, silicon reach nitride, amorphous silicon, polycrystalline silicon, doping with boron, phosphorus, erbium and europium on flat silicon, quartz glass and alumina substrates as well as on silica microspheres. The porous silicon will be prepared by anodisation process. The structural, optical, electrical and transport properties will be investigating. The research work will be carried out under following projects that will be leaded by M. Ivanda:

T1. Low dimensional silicon for chemical sensing,

T2. Silicon thermoelectric element

T3. Novel silicon based materials for photonics

 T4. Development of new Raman scattering techniques

Within the second programme P2. Sol-gel technology for new functional materials the research on the synthesis of diversity of nanocrystals and nanostructures and their possible applications will be performed. Mechanisms of the precipitation of metal oxides for sensing such as iron oxides and Me-doped iron oxides will be investigated. Novel metallic nanoparticles in the form of colloidal suspensions for biomedical applications will be synthesized and analysed. An apparatus for the synthesis of nanowires will be built. The green-chemistry routes will be used in the synthesis of metal oxide and metallic nanoparticles. Characterization of structural, particulate, and surface properties of the synthesized materials will be performed by well established techniques. The research work will be carried out under following projects:

T1. Nanocrystalline metal oxides for chemical sensing (leader M. Ristić)

T2. Nanoparticles for the use in medical application (leader M. Gotić)

T3. Low dimensional 1D and 2D metal oxides for new functional materials (leader M. Ristić)

T4. R&D of novel multiferroic materials (leader I. Đerđ)

The main goal of the third programme P3. Nanostructural materials for energetic is investigation of preparation, structural properties and application of nano-based materials prepared by magnetron sputtering deposition. The prime interest is investigation of recently invented materials based on self assembled nanoparticles in amorphous matrices. These materials are discovered and developed by our group in the recent few years. They consist of regularly ordered nano-objects of different composition (metallic, semiconductor, and mixed) embedded in various amorphous matrices (alumina, silica, mullite). These materials have a great potential for application in various nanotechnology fields. The most promising applications of semiconductor quantum dots are super-efficient solar cells and photodetectors. Metallic nanoparticles are of great interest for different, today very popular, spintronic applications. The mixed nanoparticles are expected to have some extraordinary properties like electric-field tuneable magnetic properties for the case of semiconductor-metallic mixture. Additional advantage of these materials is regular ordering of nanoparticles in them. It is well known that in such systems are expected some collective behaviour effects, which enable engineering and design of the materials opto-electrical properties. Additionally, our most-recent activities resulted in development of nanomaterials which show extraordinary capability to store hydrogen. These materials are of great interest for energy storage. The main objective of the programme is to become a Croatian center for preparation, characterization and application of these extraordinary nano-based materials. The activities of the programme will be realised under the 3 projects:

T1. Semiconductor quantum dots (leader M. Buljan)

T2. Metallic nanoparticles (leader N. Radić)

T3. Materials for hydrogen storage (leader N. Radić)


1.Laboratorij za molekulsku fiziku i sinteze novih materijala, IRB: voditelj laboratorija: M. Ivanda, M. Gotić, G. Štefanić, (znanstveni savjetnici) V. Mohaček Grošev (viši znanstveni sur.),  A. Šarić, A. Maksimović, D. Ristić i H. Gebavi  (znanstveni sur.), V. Đerek (postdoktorand), L. Mikac (znanstvena suradnica), J. Forić (tehničar), aktivni znanstvenici u mirovini: D. Risović i S. Lugomer (znanstveni savjetnici)  +  2 doktoranda

2.Laboratorij za sintezu novih materijala, IRB: voditelj grupe M. Ristić (znanstveni savjetnik), S. Krehula (viši znanstveni sur.), Ž. Petrović (znanstveni sur.),  M. Marciuš (stručni suradnik), IRB emeritus: S. Musić (znanstveni savjetnik).

3.Laboratorij za tanke filmove, IRB: voditelj laboratorija M. Buljan (viši znanstveni sur.), T. Car (znanstveni sur.), tehničar,  aktivni znanstvenik u mirovini: N. Radić (znanstveni savjetnik).

4.Laboratorij za sintezu i kristalografiju funkcionalnih materijala, IRB: voditelj laboratorija J. Popović, I. Đerđ (viši znanstveni sur.),  M. Vrankić (viši znanstveni asistent).

5.Članovi drugih laboratorija IRB-a:  Nikola Biliškov (znanstveni sur.), Laboratorij za kemiju čvrstog stanja i kompleksnih spojeva; D. Vojta (znanstvena suradnica), Laboratorij za fizikalno organsku kemiju; G. Baranović (znanstveni savjetnik, aktivni znanstvenik u mirovini), Laboratorij za molekulsku spektroskopiju:), A. Gajović (znanstveni savjetnik), Laboratorij materijala za konverziju energije i senzore, T. Jurkin  (znanstvena suradnica) Laboratorij za radijacijsku kemiju i dozimetriju

6.Končar – Institut za elektrotehniku d.d.: direktor instituta S. Marijan (znanstveni suradnik), D. Vrsaljko (viši asistent), T. Karažija (znanstveni novak), V. Đurina (znanstveni novak).

7.Institut za fiziku: voditelj grupe D. Starešinić (viši znanstveni suradnik), aktivni znanstvenik u mirovini: M. Očko (znanstveni savjetnik).

8.Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Medicinski fakultet, Zavod za fiziku: voditelj zavoda O. Gamulin (docent), S. Dolanski-Babić (docent), M. Škrebić (viši  znanstveni asistent).


The capital equipment at Ivanda’s research group:

  1. Raman spectrometer Jobin Yvon T64000 with INNOVA 400 argon laser,
  2. LPCVD system,
  3. PVD – Varian,
  4. Evaporator e-beam –Varian,
  5. Scanning electron microscope JEOL  T300,
  6. Diffusion oven with 3 reactors,
  7. Elipsometer Rudolph Auto EL IV,
  8. X-ray diffractometer for thin films Siemens D 5000 (not shown on photo).

Ivanda-kapitalna oprema

The capital equipment at Ristic’s research group:

  1. Field Emission – Scanning electron microscope Jeol 7000F,
  2. Mössbauer spectrometer,
  3. X-ray difractometer ItalStructures APD2000,
  4. FT-IR spektrometar PerkinElmer System 2000,
  5. UV-VS-NIR spectrometer with integrated sphere.

Ristic-kapitalna oprema

The capital equipment at Radic’s research group:

  1. Magnetron sputtering CMS 18, (acquired 2006)
  2. X-ray diffractometer for thin films Siemens D 5000 (not shown on photo).

Radic-sputtering sistem

The capital equipment at Baranovic’s research groups:

1. Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometer (FTIR), ABB Bomem MB102.

Baranovic IR spectrometer


  1. Enhanced near-infrared response of nano- and microstructured silicon/organic hybrid photodetectors
    Vedran Đerek, Eric Daniel Głowacki, Mykhailo Sytnyk, Wolfgang Heiss, Marijan Marciuš, Mira Ristić, Mile Ivanda and Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 083302 (2015);

Research topics

G2D mosaic green_LRThe G2D draws its strength upon synergy of researchers with versatile expertise in condensed matter physics, optics and photonics, soft-matter physics, solid state chemistry, ion-beam physics, and material science. This expertise and synergy provides a promise for discoveries of new phenomena in 2D materials, and potentially their applications. Particular topics to be investigated aim at (opto)mechanical, optoelectronic, spintronic, bioelectronic, capacitor, and photovoltaic applications.


All large scale applications require synthesis (in large amounts) of large area 2D materials. We will explore and improve different methods of synthesis. The CVD method will be exploited under various conditions (vacuum, low pressure, atmospheric pressure) and optimised for the growth of large area (~few cm2) graphene, TMD, and h-BN single-crystal layers on metallic and other types of substrates; we will develop methods of functionalization (modify shapes, electronic properties, etc…) in electronic, optoelectronic and bioelectronic devices. We will develop transfer procedures based on novel carrier polymers and solvents which were not yet exploited, in order to obtain high-quality devices for characterization of optical and (opto)mechanical properties or to obtain high-quality electrode for solar cells. We will also develop mechanochemical methods to synthesize large amounts of 2D material, which offers greater control of the reaction course over traditional methods by establishing novel methods of high-throughput synthesis e.g. for the optimization of graphene anode in supercapacitors. Finally, we plan to produce more complex samples and by this we aim at specific properties and functionality of these complex structures. This will involve production of hybrid structures like DNA arrays on template graphene; samples and devices intercalated by magnetic or other desired proximity property materials; heterostructures obtained by combination of graphene and/or TMD and/or h-BN layers; transparent electrodes for quantum-dots based novel photovoltaic applications; defect engineered graphene and 2D materials.


We apply a broad chain of characterization methods aiming at different physical properties. Basic sample characterization is provided through the application of Raman micro spectroscopy (Raman), scanning- and transmission-electron microscopy (SEM, TEM), scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy (STM, AFM) characterization, and additional techniques, such as x-ray diffraction, or grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering. In addition, more specialized experiments are envisioned to explore: optical properties of 2D materials (photodetection, photoluminescence, photoexcited carriers); macroscopic elastic properties, e.g. wrinkles and more complicated forms in porous graphite with an experimental insight obtained in newly established Laboratory for extreme mechanics; electronic transport and electronic band structure of different samples by transport methods and photoelectron spectroscopies; efficiency of 2D materials as electrodes in the photovoltaic elements; performance of graphene anode obtained from high-throughput synthesis; porosimetry for samples relevant for gas storing.


Theoretical calculations are performed to study various electric, optical and mechanical properties of graphene and 2D materials by using the most up-to-date methods and techniques including DFT calculations (numerical), density-matrix theory calculation of the AC conductivity (perturbation theory), finite-difference time-domain Maxwell equations (numerical calculation of the optical properties of graphene based devices), and theory of elasticity (mechanical properties). In addition, for more complex structures e.g. transistors, electrodes such as gates will be implemented in vdW-DF methodology to model or predict properties of rechargeable batteries, solar cell materials, thermoelectrics and so on.


G2D core team members in alphabetical order

aumiler Damir Aumiler, Institute of Physics, investigates experimentally and theoretically the interaction of atoms with ultrashort laser pulses, starting with the ‘05 PRL paper that enabled the first frequency-domain visualization of the fs-frequency-comb and initiated the work in the field of frequency comb spectroscopy in Zagreb. Leader of the CALT structural project closely related to CEMS topics.
ban Ticijana Ban, Institute of Physics, with more than 15 years of experience in the field of experimental atomic and molecular physics works with different types of laser system from low-power cw diode laser to high power fs-laser systems. Presently, she runs the cold Rb-atoms experiment, the first ultracold experiment in Croatia and the region.
 bogdanovicradovic Iva Bogdanović Radović, Ruđer Bošković Institute, works on a development and application of different ion beam methods: Rutherford backscattering, Nuclear Reaction Analysis, Time-of-ight Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis, coincident elastic scattering and MeV Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy, which are relevant for materials analysis. Last couple of years she also works in a eld of materials modication by MeV ions.
 buljanH Hrvoje Buljan, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science at University of Zagreb, leader of the Modelling package, a theoretical physicist, in the past 5 years worked on plasmons in gr with a focus on plasmonic losses in these structures. The ‘09 PRB paper on this topic is by mid ’15 cited more than 450 times. Expert in the fields of optics and photonics, and ultracold atomic gases.
buljanM Maja Buljan, Ruđer Bošković Institute, works on synthesis, characterization and applications of thin films based on self-assembled nano-particles produced by magnetron sputtering. Starting with the results in PRB ‘09, which present new type of nanoparticle self-assembly process in solid amorphous systems, she works on development and application of these materials in solar cells, their characterization by X-rays and description of their growth by Monte Carlo simulations.
 gajovic Andreja Gajović, Ruđer Bošković Institute, works in the field of nanostructured functional metal oxides including syntheses and characterization of nanostructures for photo-catalysts, oxide ceramics for sensors, ferroelectrics and multiferroic. She also works on Raman spectroscopy and electron microscopy of carbon nanostructures for catalysts.
 halasz Ivan Halasz, Ruđer Bošković Institute, chemist working on mechanochemical synthesis and characterization of solid state crystalline materials. Published in prestigeous top journals such as Nature Chemistry, Angew Chem Int Ed,…
 kralj Marko Kralj, Institute of Physics, G2D research unit leader, responsible for Management & Dissemination, and Synthesis packages. He has expertise in surface physics and works on epitaxial graphene since ‘09, starting with the PRL paper and groundbreaking ARPES experiments on superlattice effects in gr which brought graphene research in Croatia to top internationally competitive level.
 lazic Predrag Lazić, Ruđer Bošković Institute, investigates novel material properties by means of density functional theory and develops new methods to describe experimental findings. The main aim is to develop improved functionals, e.g. vdW-DF in order to include nonlocal correlation crucial for the van der Waals forces playing a key role in graphene and layered 2D materials.
 siber Antonio Šiber, Institute of Physics, working on a broad range of problems in biophysics, phyical virology, soft matter physics and surface science.
 vujicic Nataša Vujičić, Institute of Physics, works in the field of experimental atomic physics and optics with more than 10 years of experience in femtosecond (fs) laser spectroscopy. Recently, she started with investigations of optical properties of 2D materials with fs lasers. Such measurements yield insights into the interactions of photoexcited carriers with other degrees of freedom, such as other carriers and phonons and  allow us to exploit the nonlinear optical response of 2D materials due to fs laser high optical intensities.
 vuletic Tomislav Vuletić, Institute of Physics, leader of the Characterization package, is continually introducing new experimental methods for soft matter physics/nanobiophysics research, consequently enabling this research eld in Croatia: development of impedance spectroscopy, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring, small angle X-ray scattering and also involvement in procurement and set-up of the AFM.

Associated members

In conjunction with the core team members, G2D research unit of CEMS has a broad network of associated members, starting from the accompanying postdocs, PhD and Masters students and researchers from around who are interested and/or are involved in 2D materials-driven topics. In the G2D unit we plan to employ additional PhD students with well-defined topics which will be aimed to make interdisciplinary connections between different topics embedded in the G2D research.

One of the most important expected impacts of the G2D unit is on young researchers. G2D will form a highly competitive school for training of young researchers with versatile skills, on timely topics, and in stimulating environment nourishing excellence. We are convinced that the students gaining PhD within G2D will be highly attractive as postdocs in top-notch world scientific institutions (for those seeking academic career this is an inevitable step), but also in Croatian SME/industry connected to the G2D and CEMS.